Personal Information


Dr. Christina Raphael

Senior Lecturer

Contact Address:

P.O Box 2329,Dar es Salaam,
Email: christin.raphael@udsm.ac.tz, christin.raphael@gmail.com

Office: TPC building- third floor , no. 3


Dr. Christina Raphael is a holder of a Masters’ degree in Educational Management and Administration (MEMA) (2008) from the University of Dar es Salaam-Tanzania. She completed her PhD studies at the University College Dublin (UCD)-Ireland (2014) on Educational Management with specific interest on managing distance learning programmes. Currently, she is  a Lecturer in the Department of Educational Foundations, Management and Life Long Learning at the Dar es Salaam University College of Education (DUCE- UDSM).  Christina is  a Sub- Saharan teacher educator in core skills for teachers and school leaders under  British Council connecting classroom; Sub- Saharan teacher educators in ICT integration in Education under Commonwealth of Learning (CoL); National trainers on Problem Based Learning. In 2016, she was involved in a country study on Out Of School Children (OOSC) in Tanzania (2015-2016) funded by UNICEF. Other trainings and consultancies has been involved in include A JICA program on capacity development for analyses of education policy making and its effects in Japan under CICE- Hiroshima University, The African Digital School of Distinction model: Baseline study funded by GESCI and developing ICT Teacher’s guidefor teaching Diploma Language Subject funded by UNESCO. Iam Member of Board at Agency for the development of Educational Management (ADEM)- Bagamoyo(2017- 2020).


Area of Specialization and Research Interests

  • E-learning
  • Educational technologies
  • Educational leadership and Management
  • Educational Policy studies

Publications and Presentations

  1. Mtebe, J. S., & Raphael, C. (2018a). A Critical Review of eLearning Research Trends in Tanzania. In P. Cunningham & C. Mariam (Eds.), IST-Africa 2018 Conference (pp. 1–12). Gaborone: IIMC Internationa Information Manegement Corporation.
    Mtebe, J. S., & Raphael, C. (2018b). Key factors in learners ’ satisfaction with the e-learning system at the University of Dar es Salaam , Tanzania. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology,34(4), 107–122. Retrieved from https://ajet.org.au/index.php/AJET/article/view/2993

  2. Raphael, C. (2016). Students Support Services: A Case of Blended Learning in Higher Learning Institutions in Tanzania. In J. Keengwe, J. Mbae, & G. Onchwari (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Global Issues in Next- Generation Teacher University of North Dakota, US Education (p. 418). Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=dw6YCwAAQBAJ&pgis=1

  3. Raphael, C., & Mtebe, J. S. (2016). Instructor support services : An inevitable critical success factor in blended learning in higher education in Tanzania.International Journal of Education and Development Using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT),12(2), 123–138. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1111468.pdf

  4. Raphael, C., & Mtebe, J. S. (2017). Pre-Service Teachers ’ Self-Efficacy Beliefs Towards Educational Technologies Integration in Tanzania. Journal of Learning for Development(JL4D), 4(2), 103–118. Retrieved from http://www.jl4d.org/index.php/ejl4d/article/view/190


  1. Dynamics of Socio-Cultural Practices and Beliefs to Girls Schooling in Tanzania: Case Study of Mara Region:Presented at TCD- Ireland: Friday, April 20, 2018.
  2. Achieving Education 2030: Perils and Promises in Tanzania Education: Public lecture devlivered –AMUCTA, 20/04/2018